At first glance, hair transplant surgery may seem a complicated procedure, though the theory is rather simple. During a hair transplant procedure you are your own donor and all hair transplant specialists do is harvest hairs from the back and the sides of the scalp and relocate them on the balding areas. The result will be strongly dependent on not only the expertise but also the aesthetic skills of the surgeon.
The technology of hair transplantation is based upon the scientific fact that hair, when extracted from its original site and transplanted to another one, continues to grow and function as it did in the donor area. In order to achieve the most satisfying and natural-looking aesthetic results, instead of larger grafts or single hairs, follicular units are extracted and transplanted (hence the name follicular hair transplant). Follicular units are the groups of hairs that naturally occur on the scalp and are made up of 1, 2, 3 or 4 hairs as well as the surrounding skin and tissue. At ProHAIR Transplant Clinic we offer two different surgical techniques for hair restoration, both of which use the safest and most advanced technology. They are both follicular unit hair transplant techniques, which means that the surgeon implants follicular units into carefully prepared punches on the donor site. The difference between them is the method of extraction which, of course, has a significant impact on the process of transplantation and the period afterwards. Here you can find the basic steps of the two techniques; if you want to learn more about the difference between them and get some help in deciding, please click here.
When the surgeon performs Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE hair transplant), he or she obtains follicles for the transplantation by a micro-punch knife that removes individual follicular units directly from the scalp, without causing considerable trauma to the skin. Instead, in Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT hair transplant), a thin lateral strip of tissue from the back of the scalp is removed and follicular units are extracted from this strip. After follicles are harvested, the two techniques are the same: Follicular units and recipient sites are carefully prepared for the implantation and the grafts are inserted into the tiny holes created by the surgeon. In the case of FUT hair transplant, the incision line is sutured back together.